Heart Disease in Children: Types, Symptoms, Causes, and Prevention

Common congenital heart defects in children

What is Congenital Heart disease?

Congenital heart disease is a term that refers to any abnormality of the heart that occurs due to variations in the development of the child’s heart in utero. 5-8 children in a 1000 are born with Congenital heart disease. Commonly a doctor identifies abnormal heart sounds in a child and refers the case to a specialist. The Department of Pediatric cardiac services, receives the child and evaluates the condition. The person who examines and evaluates the child is a specialist known as a paediatric cardiologist. If the child needs surgical management, which is 50 % of these cases, it is followed by further diagnostic tests like X-ray Chest, ECG, ECHO and if necessary, cardiac catheterization to determine the abnormalities in the child’s heart. With high-quality imaging, it is possible to nowadays to diagnose many conditions even before a child is born and refer it to our department for re-evaluation soon after birth.

Once a plan has been made, Medical or surgical or a combined approach is taken to give good quality life on the long term to the child.

Causes of paediatric congenital heart disease:

Though many factors have been implicated for CHD, it is very difficult in most cases to pin-point the absolute etiology. The causes of congenital heart disease can be due to chromosomal abnormality, consumption of drugs or alcohol by the mother or a viral infection for mother during pregnancy.


  • Bluish discoloration especially in the finger nail
  • Feeling short of breath
  • Frequent lung infections
  • Paediatrician identifies a heart murmur
  • Poor growth in child
  • Syncope

The different types of Congenital Heart illness are:

  • ASD (Atrial Septal Defect)
  • VSD (Ventricular Septal Defect)
  • TOF (Tetralogy of Fallot)
  • TAPVC (Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection)
  • PDA (Patent Ductus Arteriosus)
  • Coarctation of the Aorta
  • Pulmonary Artery Stenosis/Aortic Stenosis
  • LVOTO (Left Ventricular Outflow Tract Obstruction)
  • Mitral Valve Stenosis/Regurgitation
  • TGA (Transposition of the Great Arteries)
  • Truncus Arteriosus
  • Ebstein Anomaly
  • HLHS (Hypoplastic Left Heart syndrome)
  • Tricuspid Atresia
  • Pulmonary Atresia

How to Prevent Congenital Heart diseases?

  • Avoid using alcohol and drugs before and during pregnancy
  • When you consult your doctor for any ailment during pregnancy, let him/her know that you are pregnant before taking any new medicines
  • Do a blood test during pregnancy to check whether you are immune to rubella. if not, avoid possible exposure to rubella and remember to take the vaccination after your delivery.
  • Those who having diabetes during pregnancy should get the blood sugar levels under adequate control.
  • Increased awareness to heart disease enables early detection and optimal treatment for the affected children.

How to Treat a Child with Congenital Heart Disease?

Treatment is based on severity of disease it may depends on the severity of baby’s heart also there are other factors including the age of child, health of child and size of child. A congenital heart disease does not treatment however severe congenital heart disease can be treated through medication procedures, heart surgeries and processes. There is a need to consult with a pediatric cardiovascular surgeon early on if the child requires a child heart surgery or a cardiothoracic surgery. For the baby there is a need to follow up with a cardiologist. If there should be an occurrence of grown-ups with a congenital heart illness you should consult with a specialist cardiologist. In rare cases those kids having complex congenital heart problems may requires a surgical procedures over a period of yearsHow to Treat a Child with Congenital Heart Disease or else they may continue their medicines for years.

You should talk with your doctor if you have a family history of congenital heart disease. There are numerous sorts of inborn and acquired coronary illness, and grown-ups with heart deformities oblige deep rooted checking to avoid genuine cardiovascular and non-heart difficulties. Our efficient group of pediatric heart surgeon takes an extensive way to deal with diagnosing and treating grown-ups with a wide range of intrinsic heart illness with cardiothoracic surgery. With today advanced treatment in cardiothoracic surgery there has been a significant reduction in infant mortality with congenital heart diseases with new methods of heart surgery for babies to prevent the disease easily.

Let your heart get cherish when your little heart smile at you so find the best paediatric heart surgeon for your smiling heart of your babies. The greatest ever wealth of a man is a healthy heart. So live long with your healthy heart. You know how important your heart is so it’s no wonder people worry when they hear someone has heart problems. And it’s more important when it affects to our little kids. When we compare the human body to a car and the human heart to a car engine. The heart is the engine of car and it needs to be looked after so that we can function properly. Our Future is dependably in the hands of youthful era coming. We can make the most of our adolescent just if our youth of a heart is great and solid.  A smiling and joyful heart is the best medicine so get the best heart for your babies with best paediatric heart surgeon and have the perfect heart surgery for babies with efficient doctors and make your babies little heart smile forever.